What Are The 5 Types Of Sleep Disorders

What Foods Or Drinks Should Be Avoided For Good Sleep Health

5 most common sleep disorders that people struggle with | Sleep Week

To reduce the risk of developing a sleep disorder, here are a few food items you must avoid:

  • Antidepressants

Maintaining a healthy body, that is product and work at peak condition, is one of the key reasons why we sleep. So any sleep disorder, if untreated, will slowly but surely impact our health. While most of these stem from changing lifestyles and increasing stress, ignoring them can lead to major health challenges including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, depression and more.

People experiencing any of the symptoms of sleep disorder must seek evaluation by a qualified health provider. Timely intervention can prevent the problem from magnifying and increases the chances of complete recovery, leading to better health.

Most health providers inquire about the sleep issues a person faces. Therefore, it is a good idea to keep a sleep diary with details about the issues that a person faces. If anything abnormal is observed, the health provider can advise appropriate tests and investigations. You can also start by taking a Sleep Quiz, to figure out the issues with your sleep.

Eczema And Sleep Disturbances

A recent observational study of a large population-based sample involving more than 5000 adults from 20052008 showed that adults with atopic dermatitis have higher odds of sleep disturbances, including difficulty sleeping and short sleep duration . Children with eczema can experience intense pruritus impacting their sleep quality and quantity . This has been demonstrated by objective evidence of decreased sleep efficiency measured by polysomnography and actigraphy . Some data have shown that the duration of scratching episodes remains consistent in all the stages of sleep, but is more frequent in stages 1 and 2 than stage 3 of sleep . A number of studies have shown that actigraphy could be a viable mode of assessment of sleep in children with eczema. Actigraphic measures have been shown to be correlated with itching and quality of life in patients with eczema .

Various mechanisms have been postulated linking sleep disturbances and eczema, including increases in markers of systemic inflammatory cytokines and T-cell activation . Interleukin-1 induced inflammation is increased in the nighttime which may play a role in enhancing nocturnal itching . Furthermore, data has shown that nocturnal itching is correlated with peaks in night-time 1L-2 . One of the first studies measuring actigraphic measures correlated the objective clinical scores and plasma chemokine levels in children with atopic dermatitis . Table 1 demonstrates studies associating sleep disorders and eczema.

Consequences Of Lack Of Sleep And Coexisting Conditions

Sleep helps your brain function properly. Not getting enough sleep or poor quality sleep has many potential consequences. The most obvious concerns are fatigue and decreased energy, irritability and problems focusing. The ability to make decisions and your mood can also be affected. Sleep problems often coexist with symptoms of depression or anxiety. Sleep problems can exacerbate depression or anxiety, and depression or anxiety can lead to sleep problems.

Lack of sleep and too much sleep are linked to many chronic health problems, such as heart disease and diabetes. Sleep disturbances can also be a warning sign for medical and neurological problems, such as congestive heart failure, osteoarthritis and Parkinsons disease.

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Treatment Of Circadian Rhythm Disorders

Recent clinical practice guidelines for circadian rhythm sleep wake disorders found insufficient evidence to support efficacy of post-awakening light monotherapy as a treatment for DSPD . The guidelines suggested that clinicians treat DSWD with strategically timed melatonin . A study using melatonin 5 mg for 28 days revealed positive results when the dose was timed from 19:0021:00 .

Recent clinical practice guidelines for treatment for circadian rhythm sleep wake disorders suggests that clinicians treat ASPD with evening light therapy and reported little to no evidence to support the use of melatonin or agonists as a treatment for ASWPD . In shift work sleep disorder, consistency of work schedule , consistency of sleep-wake times and use of sunglasses or black-out shades during the daytime when sleep is needed may be helpful strategies.

List Of Sleep Disorders

How Much Do You Know About Sleep Disorders?

There are several disorders connected with sleep and can effect your health and some of the most common found in most of the patients. “We want you to sleep better”

  • Parasomnia due to a drug or substance
  • Parasomnia due to a medical condition
  • Periodic limb movement sleep disorder
  • Sleep-related leg cramps
  • Sleep-related movement disorder due to drug or substance
  • Sleep-related movement disorder due to medical condition
  • Isolated Symptoms, ApparentlyNormal Variants, and Unresolved Issues
  • Benign sleep myoclonus of infancy
  • Hypnagogic foot tremor and alternating leg muscle activation during sleep
  • Propriospinal myoclonus at sleep onset
  • Excessive fragmentary myoclonus
  • Other physiological sleep disorder
  • Other sleep disorder not due to a known substance or physiological condition
  • Environmental sleep disorder
  • Sleep disorders associated withconditions
  • Fatal familial insomnia
  • Sleep-related abnormal swallowing, choking, and laryngospasm
  • Other psychiatric/behavioraldisorders frequently encountered in the differential diagnosis of sleep disorders
  • Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • Disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence
  • Personality disorders

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How To Prevent Sleep Disorders In Children

Here are tips to prevent sleep disorders in children:

  • Fix a regular bedtime routine for your child.
  • Make sure your child sleeps in a dark, quiet, and cool room.
  • Avoid bright lights and electronic devices before bedtime.
  • Avoid giving caffeine to young children, and limit its use in teenagers.
  • Encourage physical activity in natural light to maintain the body clock.
  • Avoid or shorten naps so that they fall asleep early at night.
  • Use music or other techniques to calm your childs nighttime fears.

The Symptoms Of Types Of Sleeping Disorders

Some telling signs of all the types of sleeping disorder are excessive sleepiness during waking hours, irregular breathing, or a lot of movement during sleep. Irregular wake and sleep cycles, and difficulty falling asleep can also be signs of sleep disorders.

Now lets talk about what are the 5 types of sleep disorders, which are the most common, and the symptoms, treatments, and indicators of each of these sleep disorders.

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What Are The Types Of Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders refers to a group of conditions that interfere with your normal sleep cycle and makes it difficult to have a sound and good sleep regularly, that is, this condition negatively affects your sleep. Sleep disorders are a significant health issue as they hamper your functioning and activity the whole day. There are majorly 5 types of sleep disorders. These include:

How Can You Treat Sleep Disorders

Insomnia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

For successfully treating sleep problems, the following methods are used:

  • Some patients are recommended cognitive behaviour therapy. The counselling helps realize problems with sleep habits and behaviours. It aims to address and change the negative thoughts that may keep people awake at night.
  • To get better, doctors recommend people take sleep medications. But, since this method does not treat problems at the root cause, it is not a long-term solution.
  • To get a good night’s rest, patients are advised to exercise regularly.
  • Some experts suggest sleep disorder patients take light therapy. It involves controlling exposure to outdoor daylight and indoor artificial light sources.
  • Patients should follow good sleep and lifestyle habits to improve their condition.

Besides these more common sleep disorder treatments, sleep experts also suggest sleep disorder patients undergo specific treatments depending on their condition.

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Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

First-line treatment for OSA is positive airway pressure therapy, which operates to splint the airway to maintain patency. Meta-analyses of multiple randomized controlled trials shows significant benefit from blood pressure reduction with PAP therapy of approximately 23 mm Hg, albeit modest, but to a sufficient degree to result in beneficial cardiovascular outcomes. Alternative therapies for treatment for OSA include mandibular advancement devices or oral appliance therapy for those with mild to moderate OSA and various surgical procedures depending on the level of collapse of upper airway such as uvulopharyngoplasty and maxillomandibular advancement . Novel treatment therapies such as hypoglossal nerve stimulation are also becoming increasingly considered .

Types Of Sleep Studies

  • Related Resources – 5 Types of Sleep Studies
  • A sleep study, also known as polysomnography, is a noninvasive overnight evaluation that allows doctors to monitor your brain and body while you sleep.

    • During the study, a machine called a polysomnogram captures your eye and leg movements, as well as your heart rate, blood oxygen level, and breathing.
    • The test is used to diagnose sleep disorders. Sleep disorders are conditions, such as difficulty falling asleep, sleeping excessively, and breathing irregularly during sleeping, that causes problems with sleeping.
    • Sleep difficulties can hurt your health, safety, and general quality of life.
    • Sleep deprivation can put you at risk for major illnesses such as depression, diabetes, and heart disease. It could also result in automobile accidents and other types of accidents.
    • Getting a sleep disorder diagnosed and treated early can help you avoid health complications. If you’ve previously been diagnosed with a sleep disturbance, polysomnography can help you start or change your treatment strategy.

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    What Questions Are Asked By Your Sleep Healthcare Provider

    For diagnosing whether you have a sleep disorder, your sleep expert may ask you the following questions:

    • How many hours of rest do you catch at night?
    • Do you manage to squeeze in naps during the daytime?
    • Do you have a history of working night shifts?
    • Do you feel a lot sleepy during the day?
    • Do you toss and turn in your bed regularly?

    Treating Pediatric Sleep Disorders

    Sleep Disorder Multiplies Depression Risk

    The Stanford Sleep Medicine Center was the first clinic to treat sleep disorders in children. We quickly realized that treating pediatric sleep disorders starts with setting expectations regarding normal pediatric sleep. Behavior modification plans may address some sleep issues. In addition to board-certified pediatric and adult sleep physicians with expertise in pediatric sleep disorders, the Stanford Sleep Clinic has team of behavioral psychologists certified in the treatment of sleep disorders who have expertise in working with children and their families. Using scheduled awakenings, positive reinforcement, and other techniques may be helpful in some cases of sleep disorders. In other cases, your doctor may recommend medications or supplements to treat a specific sleep disorder or underlying condition. Finally, in some cases, evaluation for specific interventions by a specialist in allergy, Ear, Nose and Throat surgery, orthodontics, or other specialties may be recommended. In the case of obstructive sleep apnea, continuous positive airway pressure may be recommended.

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    Sleep Hygiene: Healthy Sleep Tips To Address Sleep Problems

    • Stick to a sleep schedule same bed time and wake up time even on the weekends
    • Allow your body to wind down with a calming activity, such as reading away from bright lights avoid electronic devices
    • Avoid naps especially in the afternoon
    • Pay attention to bedroom environment and your mattress and pillow
    • Avoid alcohol, caffeine and heavy meals in the evening

    What Side Should You Sleep On

    Generally speaking, the recommended position is sleeping on the left side specifically the right-hand side can have similar if lesser, blood-flow issues than sleeping on the back. Another major advantage of side sleeping is that you can support your belly and legs with pillows, to reduce strain and pressure.

    Why do people sleep on right side?

    On the other hand, sleeping on your right side may cause your lymphatic system to run more slowly. You dont want this to happen, because a lymphatic system that doesnt run at full efficiency can become incapable of filtering toxins or properly moving lymph fluid throughout the body.

    Is left or right side sleeping best for Your Heart?

    Yes . Sleeping on the right side , by having the heart fall in that direction rather than where it sits on the left, may slightly improve heart dynamics. Unfortunately sleeping on your right side is associated with more gastroesophageal reflux, which can also wake people throughout the night, though most are unaware.

    What is side sleeping?

    Its no coincidenceside sleeping is both comfortable and healthy. Sleeping on your side helps your head, neck, and spine maintain a neutral position. A neutral sleeping position keeps all the bits and pieces in your back in in their ideal positions, preventing unnecessary pressure on your discs, muscles and nerves.

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    Sleep Disorders And Neurodegenerative Diseases

    Neurodegenerative diseases have often been associated with sleep disorders, mainly when they are characterized by abnormal accumulation of alpha-synuclein, such as multiple system atrophy , Parkinson’s disease and Lewy body disease . For instance, people diagnosed with PD have often presented different kinds of sleep concerns, commonly in regard to insomnia , hypersomnia , and REM sleep behavior disorder – that may affect around 40% of the PD population and it is associated with increased motor symptoms. Furthermore, RBD has been highlighted as a strong precursor for future development of those neurodegenerative diseases over several years in prior, which seems to be a great opportunity for improving the treatments of the disease.

    The neurodegenerative conditions are commonly related to structural brain impairment, which might disrupt the states of sleep and wakefulness, circadian rhythm, motor or non motor functioning. On the other hand, sleep disturbances are frequently related to worsening patient’s cognitive functioning, emotional state and quality of life. Furthermore, these abnormal behavioral symptoms negatively contribute to overwhelming their relatives and caregivers. The limited research related to it and the increasing life expectancy calls for a deeper understanding of the relationship between sleep disorders and neurodegenerative disease.

    How Sleep Disorders Are Classified

    Sleep Disorders | Types of Sleep disorders | Narcolepsy, Insomnia, Hypersomnolence, Parasomnia

    The ICSD was put together for the purpose to “discriminate between disorders and to facilitate an understanding of symptoms, etiology, and pathophysiology that allows for appropriate treatment” . Since the release of the first edition in 1990, the ICSD published a 2nd edition in 2005, and is now on its 3rd edition, published in 2014.

    Some of the biggest differences between the 2nd and 3rd editions are how the various sleep disorders were divided into categories. The 2005 edition used 3 broad categories to organize all of the sleep disorders under either dysommnias , parasomnias , and sleep disorders associated with a mental, neurologic, or other medical disorders .

    The updated 3rd edition now classifies sleep disorders under 6 major categories: insomnia, sleep related breathing disorders, central disorders of hypersomnolence, circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, parasomnias, and sleep related movement disorders.

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    Common Treatment Types For Sleep Apnea

    There are various ways sleep apnea can be treated, including:

    CPAP Therapy. A CPAP machine is used to keep your airways open as you sleep. The machine uses mild air pressure and is attached to a mask or prongs that fit in your nose.

    Alternatives. There are other alternatives if you dont like the idea of wearing a mask to bed. You can choose to:

    • Wear a dental or oral appliance. To find out more, this article, Pros and Cons of Dental Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, provides the ways in which an oral appliance can help patients with sleep apnea, as well as the shortcomings of a using a dental device for sleep apnea.
    • Have surgery. If oral appliances and CPAP dont work for you, surgery is an option.
    • Undergo a weight management program. Losing weight may help improve or eliminate your symptoms if youre obese or overweight.
    • Try positional therapy. Some people primarily suffer from sleep apnea when they sleep on their back. Positional therapy often involves wearing a device that keeps you sleeping on your side.

    How Much Sleep Is Necessary

    Experts generally recommend that adults sleep at least seven to nine hours per night, although some people require more and others require less.

    A recent National Sleep Foundation Sleep in America poll found that adults sleep an average of 6.4 hours per night on weekdays and 7.7 hours on weekends. The poll showed a downward trend in sleep time over the past several years. People sleeping less hours tend to use the internet at night or bring work home from the office.

    The National Sleep Foundation also reported that older adults average seven hours of sleep on weekdays and 7.1 hours on weekends. Sleep is most often disturbed by the need to use the bathroom and physical pain or discomfort in older adults.

    A downward trend in sleep time has also been observed in children. Optimal sleep time varies by age. An earlier Sleep in America poll found a discrepancy between recommended and actual sleep time in children, with actual sleep time 1.5 to two hours less than recommended. Caffeine consumption caused a loss of three to five hours of sleep and having a television in the bedroom contributed to a loss of two hours of sleep each week in children.

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    Behavioral Insomnia Of Childhood

    Behavioral insomnia of childhood is characterized by a learned inability to fall and/or stay asleep the estimated prevalence is 10% to 30%.12,24 The condition is divided into the sleep-onset association type and the limit-setting type. The sleep-onset association type is characterized by the child’s inability or unwillingness to fall asleep or return to sleep in the absence of specific conditions, such as a parent rocking the child to sleep.12 The limit-setting type occurs when parents fail to set appropriate limits, such as when the parents allow the child to sleep in their bed when the child refuses to sleep.12 Most children with behavioral insomnia of childhood have features of both types.

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