Different Types Of Sleep Disorders

Rem Sleep Behaviour Disorder

Sleep Disorder: Symptoms and Types

Sudden body movements and vocalizations during sleep characterize the condition. It happens because the patient experiences vivid dreams while in REM sleep. When an individual is in the REM stage, the body experiences temporary muscle paralysis that allows him to dream safely, lying still when the brain is active. But, when someone is suffering from a REM sleep disorder, muscle paralysis does not happen because of which the individual physically acts out his dreams. The condition can manifest itself in actions like small muscle twitches, loud shouting, punching, kicking, grabbing their partner, and jumping out of bed.

Causes Of Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders can be caused by various factors that affect your bodys circadian rhythm, such as:

  • Physical conditions, such as ulcers
  • Medical conditions, such as asthma
  • Psychiatric conditions, such as depression or anxiety
  • Genetic factors, as narcolepsy is genetic
  • Substances, such as alcohol
  • Medications, since some drugs can hamper sleep
  • Irregular schedules, which can interfere with the bodys biological clock
  • Aging, since people spend less time in deep sleep as they get older

What Happens When A Person Doesnt Get Enough Sleep

Not getting the proper amount or quality of sleep leads to more than just feeling tired. Sleepiness interferes with cognitive function, which can lead to learning disabilities in children, memory impairment in people of all ages, personality changes and depression.

People who are deprived of sleep experience difficulty making decisions, irritability, have problems with performance, and slower reaction times, placing them at risk for automobile and work-related accidents. Sleep loss can also adversely affect life by contributing to the development of obesity, diabetes and heart disease.

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Which Of The Following Is The Most Significant Difference Between Narcolepsy And Insomnia

There are several key differences between narcolepsy and insomnia, but the most significant difference is that narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that is caused by an underlying medical condition, while insomnia is a sleep disorder that can be caused by a variety of factors. Narcolepsy is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and can be accompanied by sleep paralysis and hallucinations. Insomnia, on the other hand, is characterized by difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. While both disorders can be disruptive to everyday life, narcolepsy is often more severe and can lead to serious health complications.

When people with narcolepsy frequently experience sleep attacks at strange times, they believe it is a sign of their disorder. Insomnia is a condition that causes excessive daytime sleepiness, as well as a lack of desire to fall or sleep. One possibility for the two conditions is that one person produces more orexin than the other. A cure for narcolepsy is impossible. To treat this condition, a person may need to make changes to their sleeping habits and take medication. Anxious sleeping may be relieved for some people by Cognitive Behavioral Therapy . Natural treatments can be used in addition to melatonin, lavender, magnesium, and valerian root.

What Are The Treatments For Sleep Disorders

Types of Sleeping Disorder stock illustration. Illustration of head ...

Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. They may include:

  • Good sleep habits and other lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy or relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety about getting enough sleep
  • CPAP machine for sleep apnea
  • Bright light therapy
  • Medicines, including sleeping pills. Usually, providers recommend that you use sleeping pills for a short period of time.
  • Natural products, such as melatonin. These products may help some people but are generally for short-term use. Make sure to check with your health care provider before you take any of them.

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How Common Is Sleep Paralysis

Estimates vary, but researchers believe that about 8% of people experience sleep paralysis at some point in their life. Among these people, there is little data about how often episodes recur.

Sleep paralysis can occur at any age, but first symptoms often show up in childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood Trusted SourceNational Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NINDS aims to seek fundamental knowledge about the brain and nervous system and to use that knowledge to reduce the burden of neurological disease.ninds.nih.gov. After starting in the teenage years, episodes may occur more frequently in the 20s and 30s.

Treatment For Sleep Disorders

Management and treatment of sleep disorders can vary by condition, but there are some practical steps anyone struggling to achieve healthy sleep can take to help their cause. Healthcare providers and sleep experts recommend developing a regular sleep schedule devoid of wild swings when you go to bed and wake up. Regular exercise, minimizing ambient noise and light, and maintaining the temperature in the room can all help establish healthy sleep patterns. Some sleep experts also suggest undergoing cognitive behavioral therapy .

Additionally, some people with sleep disorders find medication helpful. For example, melatonin, zolpidem, and zaleplon are some of the most popular sleep aids, especially for insomnia. Prescribed medications, like gabapentin for restless leg syndrome and modafinil for narcolepsy, may improve symptoms of these sleep disorders.

The most conventional method of treating sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure . During sleep, the patient wears a mask connected to a machine that provides constant airflow to keep airway passages open and prevent apnea and snoring. Some find the CPAP machine facemask uncomfortable or cumbersome, which can cause the person to abandon its use. Different types of masks are available, so its in your best interest to consult your doctor until you find one that works for you.

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Can You Have Both Insomnia And Narcolepsy

It is possible to have both insomnia and narcolepsy, although it is not common. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, and insomnia is a sleep disorder that is characterized by difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. People with both disorders may have trouble staying awake during the day and may also have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep at night.

We are staffed by sleep medicine experts at the Insomnia and Sleep Institute of Arizona, which is located in Tucson. Scheduling a sleep expert consultation is completely free of charge however, you will need a referral from your GP. Because they can occur at the same time, there is a distinction between insomnia and narcolepsy. When you have paranoid schizophrenia, you may experience hallucinations that are very vivid. Even though you appear to sleep well, it can be difficult to feel tired even if you sleep well. To gain a better understanding of the root causes of insomnia, you must first identify them. Only a sleep specialist should be able to provide a diagnosis.

Sleep Hygiene: Healthy Sleep Tips To Address Sleep Problems

Medical Minute: Dr. Rasmus of Saltzer Health discusses various types of sleep disorders
  • Stick to a sleep schedule same bed time and wake up time even on the weekends
  • Allow your body to wind down with a calming activity, such as reading away from bright lights avoid electronic devices
  • Avoid naps especially in the afternoon
  • Pay attention to bedroom environment and your mattress and pillow
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine and heavy meals in the evening

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Getting Support For Your Sleep Disorder

The first step in getting a diagnosis and treatment for a sleep disorder is a comprehensive evaluation. At Michigan Neurology Associates, we conduct these exams, during which you discuss your overall symptoms and medical history.

Depending on the specifics of your symptoms, we may recommend a sleep study or polysomnogram in our sleep lab. In some cases, we suggest an at-home sleep test.

Once you have a diagnosis, we recommend a treatment plan that may include medications, treatment for an underlying condition, a breathing device, or surgery.

We also discuss possible lifestyle changes that may help, such as managing stress better, limiting caffeine, changing your diet or exercise routine, and cultivating healthy sleep habits.

Learn more about sleep disorders or get the diagnostics or treatment you need at one of our

locations in Clinton Township, St. Clair Shores, or Utica, Michigan. Reach out to us at Michigan Neurology Associates today.

Tips For Preventing Insomnia

Anyone with symptoms of insomnia should see a doctor to get tailored advice about how to improve their sleep.

In addition, the following sleep hygiene strategies can be used to promote healthy sleep.

  • Maintaining the same bedtime and wake time every day, even on weekends
  • Reserving use of the bed for only sex and sleep
  • Getting out of bed if falling asleep is taking too long or causing anxiety
  • Not consuming caffeine, alcohol, or nicotine, especially near bedtime
  • Keeping the bedroom both dark and quiet
  • Refraining from watching television before bed
  • Not checking the clock to see how long it is taking to fall asleep
  • Avoiding eating large meals too close to bedtime

For parents of children with sleeping problems, establishing firm, consistent limits around bedtime activities can help prevent a child from becoming dependent on any item or routine to fall asleep.

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Risk Factors For Insomnia

While there is no single cause of insomnia, studies have identified factors that can put a person at a greater risk for experiencing insomnia:

It is important to note that not everyone who has one or more of these risk factors will have insomnia, and not everyone with insomnia will have one of these risk factors.

Insomnia Vs Occasional Sleeplessness

Sleep, It

Up to 35% of people occasionally experience insomnia-like symptoms, such as trouble falling or staying asleep. These bouts of sleeplessness do not necessarily mean that a person has insomnia, which is a formally defined sleep disorder.

Sleep difficulties are only categorized as insomnia when they cause a person distress and begin to negatively affect aspects of their life, like work or relationships. To be classified as chronic insomnia, the symptoms must persist for at least three months.

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Sleep Disorders: What Are They And How Do You Treat Them

Posted on December 26, 2022

Its not unusual to struggle with getting a good nights sleep occasionally. Whether its due to stress, a jam-packed work or social schedule, environmental considerations like room temperature or noise, our sleeping position, or simply an inability to tame racing thoughts, many of us toss and turn some nights. And while no one particularly enjoys feeling groggy in the morning, most of us can soldier on with the help of a cup of coffee and a hearty breakfast.

Sleep disorders are less common than the occasional sleepless night but carry significant risks to the sufferers physical and mental health. While millions of people complain about not getting enough sleep, about 70 million have a potentially serious sleep disorder stemming from one of the 80 different types of the condition. According to the American Psychiatric Association, sleep disorders involve problems with the quality, timing, and amount of sleep, which result in daytime distress and impairment in functioning.

The importance of sleep is something a lot of us overlook or take for granted, needlessly going without for any number of fixable reasons. Today, well explore sleep disorders further, closely examining the most frequently occurring types, what causes them, and how sufferers can treat them to find relief.

How Is Insomnia Diagnosed

Doctors generally diagnose insomnia by asking questions about a personâs sleep habits and medical history Trusted SourceUpToDateMore than 2 million healthcare providers around the world choose UpToDate to help make appropriate care decisions and drive better health outcomes. UpToDate delivers evidence-based clinical decision support that is clear, actionable, and rich with real-world insights.uptodate.com. They may administer specific questionnaires to assess fatigue, sleepiness, and other symptoms. Sometimes they will request a person keep a sleep diary Trusted SourceNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute The NHLBI is the nation’s leader in the prevention and treatment of heart, lung, blood and sleep disorders.nhlbi.nih.gov for a short period of time. If other sleep disorders need to be ruled out, other assessments, such as a sleep study, may be ordered.

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What Are Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are conditions that impair your sleep or prevent you from getting restful sleep and, as a result, can cause daytime sleepiness and other symptoms. Everyone can experience problems with sleep from time to time. However, you might have a sleep disorder if:

  • You regularly experience difficulty sleeping.
  • You are often tired during the day even though you slept for at least seven hours the night before.
  • You have a reduced or impaired ability to perform regular daytime activities.

There are more than 100 million Americans of all ages who are not getting an adequate amount of sleep. Sleep is very important. Not getting enough sleep can have untoward consequences on school and work performance, interpersonal relationships, health and safety.

Children And Young Adults

Psychiatry Sleep Disorders: By Elliott Lee M.D.

According to one meta-analysis of sleep disorders in children, confusional arousals and sleepwalking are the two most common sleep disorders among children. An estimated 17.3% of kids between 3 and 13 years old experience confusional arousals. About 17% of children sleepwalk, with the disorder being more common among boys than girls, the peak ages of sleepwalking are from 8 to 12 years old.

A different systematic review offers a high range of prevalence rates of sleep bruxism for children. Parasomnias like sleepwalking and talking typically occur during the first part of an individual’s sleep cycle, the first slow wave of sleep During the first slow wave of sleep period of the sleep cycle the mind and body slow down causing one to feel drowsy and relaxed. At this stage it is the easiest to wake up, therefore many children do not remember what happened during this time.

Nightmares are also considered a parasomnia among children, who typically remember what took place during the nightmare. However, nightmares only occur during the last stage of sleep – Rapid Eye Movement sleep. REM is the deepest stage of sleep, it is named for the host of neurological and physiological responses an individual can display during this period of the sleep cycle which are similar to being awake.

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Periodic Limb Movements In Sleep

Periodic limb movements in sleep occur when the arms and legs move frequently and involuntarily during sleep. PLMS can cause the arms and legs to twitch, jerk, or flex. This can occur as often as several times per minute for up to several hours. The cause of PLMS is unknown, but experts think it is likely related to the nervous system. PLMS can play a part in insomnia. It can cause daytime sleepiness and fatigue because the symptoms interrupt sleep.

Treating Sleep Disorders May Include Supportive Care For Side Effects Of Cancer Or Cancer Treatment

Sleep disorders often occur along with cancer-related fatigue and may be related. Sleep disorders that are caused by side effects of the cancer or cancer treatment may be helped by relieving the symptoms of those side effects. It’s important to talk about your sleep problems with your family and the health care team so education and support can be given. Supportive care may improve your quality of life and ability to sleep.

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What Is Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep.

There are two types of sleep apnea: obstructive and central.

  • Obstructive sleep apnea is the more common of the two. It is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep. Symptoms of OSA may include snoring, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, restlessness during sleep, gasping for air while sleeping and trouble concentrating.
  • In central sleep apnea , the airway is not blocked, but the brain fails to tell the body to breathe. This type is called central apnea because it is related to the function of the central nervous system. People with CSA may gasp for air but mostly report recurrent awakenings during night.

What Is Central Sleep Apnea

Six Types Of Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders: A Psychiatrist Explains

Central sleep apnea is when you regularly stop breathing while you sleep because your brain doesnt tell your muscles to take in air. Its different from obstructive sleep apnea, in which something physically blocks your breathing. But you can have both kinds together, called mixed sleep apnea.

Central sleep apnea usually happens because of a serious illness, especially one that affects your lower brainstem, which controls breathing. In very young babies, central sleep apnea causes pauses in breathing that can last 20 seconds.

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What Questions Are Asked By Your Sleep Healthcare Provider

For diagnosing whether you have a sleep disorder, your sleep expert may ask you the following questions:

  • How many hours of rest do you catch at night?
  • Do you manage to squeeze in naps during the daytime?
  • Do you have a history of working night shifts?
  • Do you feel a lot sleepy during the day?
  • Do you toss and turn in your bed regularly?

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